Home » Ancient Roman Architectural Elements: Corinthian Order, Classical Order, Aedicula, Dome, List of Ancient Monoliths, List of Ancient Roofs by Source Wikipedia
Ancient Roman Architectural Elements: Corinthian Order, Classical Order, Aedicula, Dome, List of Ancient Monoliths, List of Ancient Roofs Source Wikipedia

Ancient Roman Architectural Elements: Corinthian Order, Classical Order, Aedicula, Dome, List of Ancient Monoliths, List of Ancient Roofs

Source Wikipedia

Published August 12th 2011
ISBN : 9781155316307
Paperback
44 pages
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Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 42. Chapters: Corinthian order, Classical order, Aedicula, Dome, List of ancient monoliths, List of ancient roofs,MorePlease note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 42. Chapters: Corinthian order, Classical order, Aedicula, Dome, List of ancient monoliths, List of ancient roofs, Roman brick, Spolia, List of ancient spiral stairs, Insula, Imbrex and tegula, Exedra, Semi-dome, Vomitorium, Impluvium, Emissary, Monk and Nun, Scamilli Impares, Acroterion, Cavaedium, Taenia, Pilae stacks, Pseudoperipteral, Fumarium, Sphaeristerium, Quadrifrons, Tablinum, Scaenae frons, Stibadium, Pteron, Stillicidium, Suspensura, Labrum, Fauces. Excerpt: A dome is a structural element of architecture that resembles the hollow upper half of a sphere. Dome structures made of various materials have a long architectural lineage extending into prehistory. Corbel domes and true domes have been found in the ancient Middle East in modest buildings and tombs. The construction of the first technically advanced true domes in Europe began in the Roman Architectural Revolution, when they were frequently used by the Romans to shape large interior spaces of temples and public buildings, such as the Pantheon. This tradition continued unabated after the adoption of Christianity in the Byzantine (East Roman) religious and secular architecture, culminating in the revolutionary pendentive dome of the 6th century church Hagia Sophia. Squinches, the technique of making a transition from a square shaped room to a circular dome, was most likely invented by the ancient Persians. The Sassanid Empire initiated the construction of the first large-scale domes in Persia, with such royal buildings as the Palace of Ardashir, Sarvestan and Ghaleh Dokhtar. With the Muslim conquest of the Sassanid Empire, the Persian architectural style became a major influence on Muslim societies. Indeed the use of domes as a feature of Islamic architecture has gotten its roots from Persia (see gonbad, gongbei). An original tradition of using multiple domes was d...